Wildfire Resiliency Basics
What is a Community Wildfire Resiliency Plan?
A CWRP is a fundamental first step in assessing and understanding the wildfire threat and risk within a community. It brings together the technical knowledge of forestry and wildfire behavior specialists, with the concerns and needs of a particular community to identify meaning and achievable wildfire protection goals. These goals are built within the 7 Fire Smart Disciplines; Education, Vegetation Management, Legislation and Planning, Development Considerations, Interagency Cooperation, Cross Training, and Emergency Planning.
You can find previous Community Wildfire Resiliency Plans for your area on the RDN Fire Services Webpage
What is a Fuel Management Prescription?
FMPs are a more localized and formal assessment of a particular area, with the intent of understanding how vegetation will react when ignited. They also assess how likely an ignition is to occur, whether it is from natural events or human interactions on the landscape. Prescriptions are written and signed by a Registered Professional Forester, and are required before an operational fuel treatment can occur.
You can find out more about Fuel Management Prescriptions on the BC Fire & Fuel Management Webpage
What's the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI)?
The Wildland Urban Interface, or the WUI is the zone where human made structures and other developments meet and intermingle with undeveloped wildland or vegetative fuels. In wildfire resiliency, we talk a lot about the WUI, because homes and structures in this zone are at the greatest risk of being affected by a wildfire. Check out this link to learn more about WUI Fires, and how to find out if you live in the WUI.
What is Prescribed Burning?
Prescribed fire is the planned and controlled application of fire to a specific land area and is one of the most ecologically appropriate and relatively efficient means for achieving planned public safety and resource management objectives. Prescribed fire can look very different depending on the objective, ranging from small piles of twigs and fine fuels, to large burning piles of slash in a cut block, to controlled grass fires.
It's important to remember that wildfires are a natural part of the ecosystems we live in, and the controlled use of fire is not a new concept. First Nations communities throughout British Columbia have been using controlled fires for thousands of years as a way to enhance ecosystems and protect their communities.
Check out this link for more information on how BC Wildfire Service uses prescribed wildfire.